Kodi pamwamba pa valavu yazitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri mulinso dzimbiri?

Kodi chitsulo chosapanga dzimbiri ndi chiyani? M'malingaliro a anthu ambiri, "chitsulo chosapanga dzimbiri" ndi chitsulo chomwe sichingachite dzimbiri, koma makasitomala ambiri amatulutsa mawanga a dzimbiri pamene mawanga a bulauni (mawanga) amawonekera pamwamba pamagetsi azitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri. Chifukwa chiyani? Ma valavu azitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri amatha kulimbana ndi makutidwe ndi okosijeni am'mlengalenga-ndiye kuti, zosapanga dzimbiri, komanso amatha kuwononga zinthu zomwe zili ndi asidi, alkali, mchere-ndiye kuti, kukana kwazitsulo. Komabe, kukula kwa mphamvu yake yolimbana ndi dzimbiri kumasintha ndi kapangidwe kazitsulo pachokha, dziko logwirizana, momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito ndi mtundu wazachilengedwe. Monga chitoliro chachitsulo cha 304, m'malo owuma ndi oyera, chimakhala ndi kuthekera kwakukulu kotsutsana ndi dzimbiri, koma chikasunthidwira kunyanja, posachedwa chitha kuchita dzimbiri mu nkhungu yam'nyanja yomwe ili ndi mchere wambiri; ndi chitoliro chachitsulo 316 chikuwonetsa bwino. Chifukwa chake, sichitsulo chilichonse chosapanga dzimbiri, chomwe chimagonjetsedwa ndi dzimbiri ndi dzimbiri pamalo aliwonse.
Valavu yachitsulo chosapanga dzimbiri imapangidwa ndi filimu yopyapyala kwambiri, yolimba, yolimba komanso yolimba ya chromium oxide (yoteteza) yomwe imapangidwa pamwamba pake kuti isalowetse kulowa ndi kutsekemera kwamaatomu a oxygen kuti apitilize kuthana ndi dzimbiri. Kamodzi pazifukwa zina, kanemayo akuwonongeka mosalekeza, maatomu a oxygen mumlengalenga kapena madzi adzapitilirabe kulowa kapena maatomu azitsulo azitsulo azipitilizabe kupatukana, ndikupanga okusayidi wa iron, ndipo chitsulocho chimaphulika mosalekeza. Pali mitundu yambiri ya kuwonongeka kwa kanema wapanoyu,
Pali mitundu ingapo yamatayala azitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri omwe amapezeka m'moyo watsiku ndi tsiku:
1. Pamwamba pa valavu yachitsulo chosapanga dzimbiri imasonkhanitsa fumbi kapena tinthu tina tachitsulo tokhala ndi zinthu zina zachitsulo. Mumlengalenga, chinyezi pakati pa cholumikizira ndi chitsulo chosapanga dzimbiri chimalumikiza ziwirizi kukhala batire yaying'ono, yomwe imayambitsa electrochemistry Reaction, kanema woteteza wawonongeka, wotchedwa dzimbiri wamagetsi.
2. Msuzi wazinthu zachilengedwe (monga vwende ndi masamba, msuzi wa Zakudyazi, sputum, ndi zina zambiri) zimamatira pamwamba pa valavu yazitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri. Pamaso pa madzi ndi mpweya, zimapanga organic acid, ndipo organic acid imawononga zitsulo nthawi yayitali.
3. Pamwamba pa valavu yachitsulo chosapanga dzimbiri imakhala ndi asidi, alkali ndi zinthu zamchere (monga madzi a alkali ndi madzi amiyala omwe amathira pakhoma), ndikupanga dzimbiri lakomweko.
4. Mu mpweya woipa (monga mpweya wokhala ndi ma sulfide ambiri, ma carbon oxides, ndi nitrogen oxides), madzi osungunuka amatha kupanga sulfuric acid, nitric acid, ndi acetic acid madzimadzi amadzimadzi, ndikupangitsa kutupa kwa mankhwala. Zomwe tatchulazi zitha kuwononga chitsulo chosapanga dzimbiri pamwamba pachitetezo komanso kuyambitsa dzimbiri.
Chifukwa chake, kuti tiwonetsetse kuti chitsulo chimakhala chowala mpaka kalekale komanso chosachita dzimbiri, timalimbikitsa:
1. Pamwamba pa valavu yopanga zosapanga dzimbiri iyenera kutsukidwa ndikutsukidwa pafupipafupi kuti ichotse zolumikizira ndikuchotsa zinthu zakunja zomwe zasintha.

2. Valavu ya 316 yazitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'mbali mwa nyanja. Zinthu 316 zimatha kukana kutentha kwa madzi a m'nyanja.

3. Mankhwala omwe amapangidwa ndi mapaipi ena osapanga dzimbiri pamsika sangakwaniritse zofunikira mdziko lonse, ndipo sangakwaniritse zofunikira za zinthu 304. Chifukwa chake, ipanganso dzimbiri, lomwe limafuna kuti ogwiritsa ntchito asankhe mosamala zinthu kuchokera kwa opanga odziwika. Zomangamanga ndi zomangamanga Pofuna kupewa zokopa ndi kumamatira kwa zoipitsa panthawi yomanga, mavavu azitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri amapangika mufilimu. Komabe, pakuwonjezera nthawi, zotsalira za yankho la phala zikugwirizana ndi nthawi yomwe filimuyo imagwiritsidwa ntchito. Mukachotsa kanemayo mukamaliza, pamwamba pake muyenera kutsukidwa, ndipo zida zapadera zosapanga dzimbiri ziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito. Mukamatsuka zida wamba ndi chitsulo chonse, ziyenera kutsukidwa kuti zitheke kumatira kwazitsulo. . Muyenera kusamala kuti musalole kuti nyongolotsi yowononga kwambiri ndi mankhwala oyeretsa miyala ayanjane ndi chitsulo chosapanga dzimbiri. Ngati akulumikizana, ayenera kutsukidwa nthawi yomweyo. Ntchito yomanga ikamalizidwa, gwiritsani ntchito sopo wosalowerera ndale ndi madzi kutsuka simenti, phulusa la ntchentche, ndi zina zambiri.

Mwachidule, mavavu azitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri sadzakhala dzimbiri, ndipo adzachitabe dzimbiri munthawi zina. Tiyenera kukhazikitsa, kukonza, ndikukonza mavavu azitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri molingana ndi zofunikira, ndikuyesera kuwongolera dzimbiri lazitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri pazinthu zina.


Post nthawi: May-02-2020